Responsive web design is very significant nowadays and it is in fact one such technique that a web developer or a web designer should master these days. This is because today a website should look good on smartphones and tablets also apart from desktop screens and only a responsive website can adapt to the screen of the client.
So you should build a responsive business website for your clients in order to provide them an excellent user experience.
Let’s find out how to create a responsive website in 7 simple steps.
1. Set appropriate responsive breakpoints
In the case of a responsive web design, “breakpoint” is the point where the content and design of a website adapt themselves in certain ways for providing the best possible user experience. Since users access websites through various devices having different screen sizes and resolutions so the software should adjust perfectly through each screen size not distorting any content or images. And for allowing this, a web developer should use responsive breakpoints also called CSS breakpoints.
The breakpoints are properly defined in the code and the content of a website responds to these points and adapts itself to the size of the screen for displaying the accurate layout. Placing the CSS breakpoints in properly will make the content of the website adjust to the size of the screen and display itself in a pleasant way that facilitates visual consumption.
2. Make sure to start with a fluid grid
Websites were previously based on pixel measurements. But now they are built on a fluid grid. The main function of a fluid grid is that it sets web elements on a website absolutely in proportion to the size of the screen it is displayed on. It is beneficial because elements on a fluid grid can resize and adjust to fit the screen size instead of elements in pixels that are set at a specific size.
Fluid grids have columns, but height and width are scaled, not set to particular dimensions. The size of text and other elements varies as per screen size. In addition to that a fluid grid also makes a website visually consistent across various devices. It also provides faster design related decision making.
3. You should take touchscreen into considerations
Make sure to think about touch screens when you are planning to make your website responsive. This is because more than 95% of mobile devices are equipped with touch screens these days and some laptops are also providing touch screens along with the keyboard functions. Therefore it is obvious that a responsive website should calibrate itself for being properly accessed through touch screens.
For example, suppose there is a drop down menu on the homepage of a website, in case of a desktop screen each menu item should be large enough so that it become easier for a user to access it with a fingertip of a touch screen and in case of smaller screens like mobile phones, buttons should be easier to detect and select. For doing this you should optimize these elements for rendering properly on multiple screens.
4. Use responsive images and videos
- Responsive Image
Make use of modern image tag attributes for creating images that can be responsive to different device and screen resolutions.
Code break down:
I. Setting max-width will make the image adjust its size as per the container’s width
II. Source, picture and image tags are combined for rendering only one image that can fit appropriately on the user’s device.
III. Source is basically used for referring to a WebP image mainly used by browsers supporting it. A second source tag refers to a PNG file of the same image for browsers without the support of WebP. WebP is basically an image format having advanced compression for web based images.
IV. Srcset helps the browser to decide which image should be displayed depending on the screen resolution of the device.
V. Loading=”Lazy”attribute implements lazy loading.
- Responsive Video
Using aspect ratio is an effective procedure for implementing responsiveness in videos.
5. Make sure to define typography
Most of the time web developers define font sizes with pixels. These work perfectly on static websites but for responsive websites a web developer should go for a responsive font. Font sizes should adjust as per the parent container width. This is vital for making typography adapt to screen sizes and readable on various devices.
6. Use a pre-designed theme for saving time
When web developers are working under hectic schedule and wonder about creating a responsive website on an exceptionally tight deadline, they can go for a pre-designed theme or layout with in-built responsive properties. Designers have to decide on branding,text and color after selecting the layout. WordPress provides various pre-designed themes and layouts both paid and free.
7. Make sure to test responsiveness on real devices
One thing that you should keep in mind while planning to make your website responsive is that you should do testing for real devices before completion of the website development process.
Web developers can adjust the code the way they want, but a developer should verify its functionalities in real user conditions. So after coding make sure to pass the website through a responsive design checker. Simply add the website URL there and the toll will display how your website will look on multiple devices.
The significance of a proper responsive website design process is the key for engaging customers in today’s highly competitive digital world. Always keep in mind that a user expects a website to be complementary with each and every device they are using and so going for responsive web design is the best choice for today’s world.
Implementing these above mentioned steps will help to make your website responsive and different from others. Why not connect with a reputed responsive website design company in India providing top-quality responsive website design services to get a perfect responsive website for your business.